Ideas, Innovation, Implementation: India's journey towards the SDGs (2024)

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Dr Yashpal D Netragaonkar

Assistant Professor GCCBA – 50, Chandigarh " Development which meets the needs of current generations without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs " .-Brundtland commission on World Commission on Environment and Development India's success in sustaining high growth and poverty alleviation will substantially contribute to achieving the ambitious Sustainable Development Goals. The year 2015 is a landmark year for global development-the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the world is set to adopt a new set of transformative and universal sustainable development goals (SDGs). At this juncture, when the framework for the next phase of global development is being formulated, it becomes critical to assess the achievements of the MDGs in India. Improving the lives of 1.4 billion Indians would make a major dent in the goal of improving the lives of all humanity. The process of doing so will bring forth technologies and pathways to progress that can be shared with other developing countries to enable them to also share in the increased prosperity. The paper focuses on strategies for sustainable development which are necessary for survival of our present generation as well as for the coming generation. An attempt is also made to study India's progress towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals and the challenges that India faces in achieving sustainable development goals.

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India Together- How sustainable are the SDGs?- Pradeep Baisakh - 09 December 2015

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South Asian Journal of Social Studies and Economics

Implementing Sustainable Development Goals in India: Progress So Far

As the world inches towards 2030, there is barely a precious decade left towards achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. Given the socioeconomic fragility of the economies proven during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, it becomes imperative to strive maximum in order to achieve a harmony between economic, environmental and social progress in these economies. With 17.7% of share in the total world population, India has a very high degree of responsibility towards achievement of world SDGs. The spill over score for India is 98.8 which implies that India is in a strong position to create very positive spillover effects to other countries. With a federal structure comprising of 28 states and 8 UTs, the progress made by the Indian economy will depend on the progress made by these states and UTs. In this context the current article is an attempt to understand the extent of progress made in India towards achieving the various sustainable development goals. The analysis of the progress made on the various SDG goals is done at two levels: Global Level and State level. At a global level, a comparison is done on the progress of SDGs made in India with other developed and developing economies respectively. To do the comparison the economies have been ranked on the basis of their progress in SDG goal achievement based on UN reports and their per capita incomes. This comparison is done to understand whether wealthier nations are faring better in the achievement of SDGs. An important finding from this table is that the countries with highest per capita income do not necessarily have the highest rankings. This finding could have very meaningful implications on

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India and the Millennium Development Goals: Progress and Challenges

Ramakumar R

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Rajesh Tandon

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Business Strategy and Development

Millennium to the sustainable development goals: Changes and pathways for India

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Darshna Mahida, Sendhil Ramadas

Millennium development goals have remained the overarching development framework to achieve a set of important eight goals worldwide. The goals with measurable and time bound objectives express widespread public concern about poverty, hunger, disease, unmet schooling, gender inequality, and environmental degradation. Under changing climatic scenario and other environmental illness, there is a widespread understanding that worldwide environmental objectives need a higher profile alongside the poverty-reduction objectives. Consequently, in September 2015, the Heads of State and Government agreed to set the world on a path toward sustainable development through the adoption of the “2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development” which includes 17 sustainable development goals, with 169 targets comprising social, economic, and environmental dimensions of sustainable development—all to be achieved by 2030. The goals provide a framework for shared action “for people, planet, and prosperity,” to be implemented by “all countries and all stakeholders, acting in collaborative partnership.” The paper documents and the pathways to ensure a sustainable future as well as dignified life for all people of India and means to mobilize scientific, technological, and social movements to address the challenges ahead.

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International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology (IJRASET)

Indias Progress Towards Achieving Sustainable Development Goals

2022 •

IJRASET Publication

This study aims to analyze the India's progress towards achieving sustainable development goals framed by UN, which has to be achieved before 2030. In this article we discussed about position of various states under different parameters. This article discuss about the major milestones achieved by India in progress towards achieving SDG. This article also discuss about obstacles faced by India towards achieving sustainable development goals and how it can overcome from it to achieve the goal.

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Address to Pune International Centre

India in the 21st century:An Agenda for Development

2014 •

Nitin Desai

India is at the cusp of a major transition. Within a generation a society predominantly of low income rural agriculturists will become one of middle income, urban, industrial and service workers. The absolute size of the rural population will start declining in a decade or so and a massive occupational and locational shift will move a 100 million people from rural and agricultural work to factories and service establishments in cities. There are other transitions that will accompany this. One is the so called demographic dividend - the bulge in working age population in the North. The South on the other hand will see a rising proportion of aged retirees from the work force and face labour shortages, which are already evident in current migration trends. All this will happen in a global environment where new technologies that replace skilled labour with computer controlled machines will dull the edge of comparative advantage of low cost labour. This paper outlines an agenda for development focussing on shifting the focus of growth to the North, ensuring high growth in industry and services, promoting an energy transition,coping with the urban challenge, establishing a structured social security system, conserving the environment and reforming politics

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India's Challenge to Meet the Millennium Development Goals

Nirupam Bajpai

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Indian Journal of Economics and Development

Millennium to sustainable development goals: A review of India’s progress and challenges

2017 •

IJED isee

: This paper attempts to review the progress made by India under the Millennium Development Goals, (MDGs) and challenges in achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) in context to its similarity and divergence from MDG.The available data shows that India has quite successfully achieved few targets and made positive progress in others. But overall most of the countries failed to exhibit considerable progress by 2015 (when MDG were to expire) and thus Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) were launched.

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Ideas, Innovation, Implementation: India's journey towards the SDGs (2024)


Ideas, Innovation, Implementation: India's journey towards the SDGs? ›

The book explores 17 civil society lighthouse initiatives that are advancing the 17 SDGs in India. In doing so, it presents a broad spectrum of successful development models that could be replicated in other nations of the Global South and North.

How is India implementing SDG goals? ›

For implementing the SDG agenda, the Government of India has launched several ambitious programmes, some of which are highlighted below. A noteworthy example of a crosscutting initiative is the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) which is the world's largest financial inclusion programme.

Why do you think India should pursue the achievement of the SDGs? ›

As the fastest growing major economy of the world, today, India is uniquely placed to deliver on its commitments to inclusive and sustainable development. Externally the country has played a key role in shaping the SDGs and ensuring the balance among its three pillars - economic, social and environmental.

What are the challenges in implementing SDG in India? ›

There are a number of challenges for achieving SDGs such as lack of effective leadership, coordinated partnerships, investments, implementation, and indicators with effective data collection.

What new initiatives should be taken to achieve the SDGs goals? ›


For helping companies achieve the sustainability goals, we have identified 7 key initiatives built around the 17 SDGs, viz. Infrastructure Imperatives, Carbon Management, Green Energy, Circular Economy, Environment Conservation, Water Conservation and Energy Efficiency.

What are the strategies for sustainable development in India? ›

The following are the four strategies of attaining sustainable development:
  • Use of Environment Friendly Fuel.
  • Use of Renewable Resources.
  • Recycling.
  • Use of the Input Efficient Technology.

What are the two sustainable development schemes being implemented in India? ›

Sustainable Development Goals in India. Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MNREGA) is being implemented to provide jobs to unskilled labourers and improve their living standards. National Food Security Act is being enforced to provide subsidized food grains.

Is India working on a plan to become more sustainable? ›

The nation's goal of producing 500 GW renewable energy capacity by 2030 will unlock 80% of power capacity additions from renewable sources. Notably, Government of India's push for green hydrogen through the "National Green Hydrogen Policy" exemplifies the country's determination to promote low-emission fuels.

Why is SDG 3 important in India? ›

SDG 3 aims to prevent needless suffering from preventable diseases and premature death by focusing on key targets that boost the health of a country's overall population. Regions with the highest burden of disease and neglected population groups and regions are priority areas.

What is the current status of SDG in India? ›

Where does India currently stand in the progress on SDG indicators? India is roughly halfway to the deadline to achieve SDGs. A recent study assesses India's progress on 33 welfare indicators, covering 9 SDGs and the results are mixed.

What is India doing to achieve SDG 4? ›

What are some of the initiatives taken by the Government of India to achieve the SDG4? Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA). This flagship program of the Indian government increases enrollment, retention, and completion rates, with a focus on disadvantaged and marginalized children. Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA).

What are the issues in growth development and sustainability in India? ›

There are numerous challenges to sustainable development in India such as loss of biodiversity, depleting natural resources, pollution of land, water and air as also poor health, poor literacy rate and environmental sustainability. The decentralised governance helps in promoting human and environmental concerns alike.

What are the sustainable actions in India? ›

These actions are listed under 7 categories namely energy saving, water saving, reduced use of single-use plastic, sustainable food systems, waste reduction (swachhata actions), adopting healthy lifestyle and e-waste handling.

What are the six transformations for achieving the SDGs by 2030? ›

This includes (1) food systems; (2) energy access and affordability; (3) digital connectivity; (4) education; (5) jobs and social protection; and (6) climate change, biodiversity loss and pollution. This brief outlines this integrated approach and the investment pathways needed to fulfill the 2030 Agenda.

How can we help advance SDGs? ›

The first SDG aims to end extreme poverty in all its forms everywhere. This is a perfect example of just how serious the SDGs targets are. Here are some simple ways to support this goal: Support government initiatives and political candidates that enforce a living minimum wage along with social safety nets.

What is India doing for SDG 6? ›

India has established an SDG localized model for adopting, implementing, and monitoring SDGs at national, sub-national, and local levels. SDG 6 deals with ensuring availability and sustainable management of water resources and sanitation for everyone has been translated into multiple governmental policies in India.

What is India doing for SDG 7? ›

India and Goal 7

The government's National Solar Mission is playing an important role in the work towards renewable energy, and interventions in rural electrification and new ultra mega power projects are moving India towards achieving universal energy access.

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